Thursday, 1 November 2012

Shiv Dayal Singh

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Shivdayāl Singh Seth
Other name(s)Swami Ji (also spelt 'Soami Ji')
Personal
Born25 August 1818
Panni street, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died15 June 1878 (60 years)
Panni street, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
Senior posting
Based inAgra, Uttar Pradesh, India
Period in office1861-1878
PredecessorSant Tulsi
SuccessorSalig Rām, Sant Jaimal Singh, Baba Gharib Das.
'Shivdayāl Singh Seth (called "Swami Ji" by followers and devotees) was born 25 August 1818 (Agra, Uttar Pradesh) and died 15 June 1878 (Agra). At the age of five, he was sent to school where he learnt Hindi, Urdu, Persian and Gurumukhi. He also acquired a working knowledge of Arabic and Sanskrit. The recitation of the Sikh scriptures was an article of faith in his family. His father, Sardār Dilwali Singh Sethi was a Sahejdhari Khatri Sikh, belonging to the order of Nanak Panthis.[1][2][3] His family including his father, mother, mother-in-law, sister and his wife Nārāini Devi (called "Rādhāji" by followers and devotees) were followers of Param Sant Tulsi Sahib from Hathras, India.[4][5] Sant Tulsi Sahib initiated him at the age of six.[6][7]i.

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[edit] Early Life

At the age of five, Shivdayāl Singh was sent to school where he learnt Hindi, Urdu, Persian and Gurumukhi. He also acquired a working knowledge of Arabic and Sanskrit. The recitation of the Sikh scriptures was a regular practice in his family. His father, Sardār Dilwali Singh Seth was a Sahejdhari Khatri and Nanak Panthi.[8][9][10] His family including his father, mother, mother-in-law, sister and his wife Nārāini Devi (called "Rādhāji" by followers and devotees) were followers of Param Sant Tulsi Sahib of Hathras, India.[11][12] Sant Tulsi initiated him at the age of six.[6][13]

[edit] Adulthood

His marriage to Nārāini Devi (later known as Radha Ji), daughter of Izzat Rai of Faridabad was arranged at an early age. She was of a generous disposition and was very devoted to her husband. Shivdayāl was selected direct from school to act as a Persian expert to a government officer in Banda. As the job did not suit him, he gave it up and took another job as a teacher of Persian with a talukdar of Ballabhgarh estate. His spiritual cravings, however, were so intense that worldly attainments no longer attracted him and he gave up even this lucrative job. He returned home for devoting his entire time to religious pursuits.[6][14]

[edit] Practice

After the death of Sant Tulsi, Shivdayāl practiced Surat Shabd Yoga for 15 years in almost total seclusion in a room within a room. He started holding satsang publicly on Vasant Panchami (a spring festival) in 1861, and continued for 17 years.

[edit] Teachings

Shivdayāl originally referred to the Supreme Being with the names "Sat Nām" (True Name) and "Anāmi" (Nameless). The term Rādhā Swāmi ("Rādhā"="Soul" and "Swāmi"="Lord", hence "Lord of the Soul") was used after Salig Rām became a disciple.[15][16] The yoga system taught by Shivdayāl is known as Surat Shabd Yoga.
Shivdayāl has described the secret of divine and True Name (Sat Nam).
SethShivDayalSingh.jpg
His bani (poetical compositions) and sayings from satsang were published in two books after his demise. Both are called Sār Bachan or Sār Vachan (meaning 'essential utterances') :[17][18]
  • Sār Vachan Vartik (Sar Bachan in prose)
  • Sār Vachan Chhand Band (Sar Bachan in verse)
Sār Vachan Vartik is in two parts: part one being an introduction written by Rai Saligram and part two compiled of notes taken from the discourses of Shivdayāl, which he delivered in satsang up to 1878. They cover important teachings of the faith. His poems in Sār Vachan Chhand Band are replete with emotional appeal - a successful blending of popular poetic expressions from different languages of north India such as, Khari-Boli, Awadhi, Brijbhasha, Rajasthani and Gurumukhi.


[edit] See also

[edit] References

  1. ^ Jivan Charitar Hazur Mahārāj by Ajodhyā Parshād, p. 36.
  2. ^ 'Jivan Charitar Swāmiji Mahārāj' by Chacha Partap Singh, p. 6.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Tulsi Sahib and His Teachings
  5. ^ The Radhasoami Tradition. Chapter One
  6. ^ a b c Radhasoamisatsang.org: Life and Teachings of Swami ji Maharaj
  7. ^ Angelfire.com: Life and Teachings of Swami ji Maharaj
  8. ^ Jivan Charitar Hazur Maharaj by Ajodhyā Parshād, p. 36.
  9. ^ 'Jivan Charitar Swāmiji Mahārāj' by Chacha Partap Singh, p. 6.
  10. ^ [2]
  11. ^ Tulsi Sahib and His Teachings
  12. ^ The Radhasoami Tradition. Chapter One
  13. ^ Angelfire.com: Life and Teachings of Swami ji Maharaj
  14. ^ Radhaswamidinod.org: Life and Teachings of Swami ji Maharaj
  15. ^ "The Faith that I had given out, was that of Sat Nám and Anámí. Rádhasoámí Faith has been introduced by Salig Rám" Biography of Soamiji Maharaj by Seth Pratap Singh. (Soami Bagh, Agra: Radhasoami Satsang, 1978), pages 135-136.
  16. ^ [The Radhasoami Tradition by David C. Lane. (Garland Publishing, Inc., New York, 1992). http://elearn.mtsac.edu/dlane/rs1.html]
  17. ^ Radhasoamisatsang.org: Books by Swami ji Maharaj
  18. ^ Radhaswamidinod.org: Books by Swami ji Maharaj

[edit] External links

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